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1648 US Highway 130
North Brunswick, NJ 08902

October 2023

Tuesday, 31 October 2023 00:00

The Seriousness of Foot Pain

Foot pain can be more than just an inconvenience, it can be a warning sign of underlying health issues. Various health conditions can manifest through foot pain. For instance, a malfunctioning thyroid gland can affect nerve sensation in your feet. Similarly, degenerative changes in your lower back could irritate spinal nerves, impacting foot health. Peripheral arterial disease, or PAD, results from plaque buildup in leg arteries, causing foot pain and increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke. Rheumatoid arthritis is another culprit that can result in foot and ankle symptoms and severely alter the shape of your feet over time. Additionally, gout results from uric acid buildup, causing intense foot pain. Diabetes can damage nerves and blood vessels in the feet, leading to numbness and infections. Ignoring foot pain can be perilous. Not only could it indicate a localized issue, but it may also be a symptom of more systemic health problems. Therefore, if you have chronic or severe foot pain, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and individualized treatment.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Dr. Robert Fink from Brunswick Foot & Ankle Group. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.


Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more


To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.


Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in North Brunswick, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 24 October 2023 00:00

What Shoes Should I Purchase for Work?

In the workplace, ensuring the safety of your feet is of great importance. Different job environments require various types of foot protection to prevent injuries and promote a secure working environment. Steel-toed boots are a popular choice in jobs like construction, manufacturing, and heavy equipment operation, as they shield against impacts and punctures. For those working with chemicals, waterproof boots with chemical-resistant materials offer protection against corrosive substances. Electricians and others exposed to electrical hazards can benefit from electrical hazard footwear that insulates against electric shock. Slip-resistant shoes are necessary in environments prone to spills or wet surfaces as they reduce the risk of slipping. Healthcare professionals often wear comfortable, slip-resistant shoes to maintain stability during long shifts. To determine the best shoe choice for your profession or to learn about the benefits of wearing work-appropriate shoes, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist. 

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Dr. Robert Fink from Brunswick Foot & Ankle Group. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in North Brunswick, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 17 October 2023 00:00

Why Pronation of the Feet Matters

Understanding supination and pronation as they relate to the feet is essential for maintaining proper foot health. Supination refers to the positioning of your foot when your weight tends to be more on the outside during walking or running, essentially causing your foot to lean outward. Pronation means your weight tends to be more on the inside of your foot during these activities, causing your foot to lean inward. Ideally, during a proper stride, your foot should roll forward from heel to toe with neutral pronation, ensuring even weight distribution. Excessive supination places stress on the outer side of your foot and can lead to uneven wear on the outside of your shoe. It may result in various issues, including calluses, bunions, and pain in your heels and the balls of your feet. Excessive pronation involves your foot rolling toward the inside, leading to uneven wear on the inside of your shoe and potential pain in your arch, heel, and ankle. The causes of these pronation issues can be genetic, such as having a high arch or uneven leg lengths, or they can result from injuries, overuse, or walking on hard surfaces. Obesity or pregnancy may also increase overpronation. If you suspect issues with your foot mechanics, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and treatment plan options. 

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dr. Robert Fink from Brunswick Foot & Ankle Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in North Brunswick, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 11 October 2023 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

Tuesday, 10 October 2023 00:00

Morton’s Neuroma Symptoms and Treatment

A network of plantar digital nerves in the feet supply sensory signals to the forefoot and toes. Problems arise when these nerves encounter compression, which can occur when the toes are consistently pressed together, effectively obstructing the pathway for these nerves. Such compression often causes a condition known as Morton's neuroma. This may be the result of wearing high heels that force body weight onto the ball of the foot. When the plantar nerves become entrapped, their ability to efficiently transmit signals is affected. This leads to symptoms, including sharp, burning, or tingling sensations in the forefoot and toes. Individuals with Morton's neuroma may also experience numbness or the feeling of having a pebble or foreign object in their shoe. Morton's neuroma can be effectively managed in several ways. Start with footwear that has cushioning and provides adequate room for the toes. Custom orthotics can also help alleviate pressure on the affected area. In more severe cases, corticosteroid injections or surgical intervention may be recommended. If you suspect you are suffering from Morton's neuroma, it's suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a diagnosis and treatment plan tailored to your needs.

Morton’s neuroma is a very uncomfortable condition to live with. If you think you have Morton’s neuroma, contact Dr. Robert Fink of Brunswick Foot & Ankle Group. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot care needs and answer any of your related questions.  

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the second and third or third and fourth toe, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.

What Increases the Chances of Having Morton’s Neuroma?

  • Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot
  • Jogging, running or any sport that involves constant impact to the foot
  • Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformities

Morton’s neuroma is a very treatable condition. Orthotics and shoe inserts can often be used to alleviate the pain on the forefront of the feet. In more severe cases, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. In order to figure out the best treatment for your neuroma, it’s recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist who can diagnose your condition and provide different treatment options.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in North Brunswick, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 03 October 2023 00:00

Plantar Fibromatosis

The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous tissue in the foot that helps maintain the arch. Plantar fibromas typically affect the medial and central bands of the plantar fascia. This condition, also known as Ledderhose disease, is rare and is characterized by the formation of nodules on the plantar fascia of the foot. It is more common in middle-aged men and can be associated with other fibrous tissue disorders. These nodules can cause pain and even disability. Diagnosis is primarily clinical, but imaging tests such as an MRI and ultrasound can be helpful. Treatment options include conservative measures and surgical intervention. Symptoms include slow growing nodules on the arch of the foot, which can become painful and affect walking. Physical examination is essential for diagnosis, and imaging can confirm the condition. Conservative treatments include steroid injections, oral medications, radiation therapy, and extracorporeal shock wave therapy. These aim to reduce pain and nodule size. Surgical options may be considered for pain relief, but recurrence is possible. If you are suffering from any sort of foot pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper evaluation and individualized treatment.

A plantar fibroma may disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Robert Fink of Brunswick Foot & Ankle Group. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Plantar Fibroma

A plantar fibroma is a fibrous knot in the arch of the foot. It is embedded in the plantar fascia which is a band of tissue that extends from the heel to the toes along the bottom of the foot. There can be multiple plantar fibromas in the feet at the same time. There are no known causes for this condition. If you have a plantar fibroma, there will be a bump in the arch of your foot that cannot be missed. Any associated pain is most often due to a shoe rubbing against the nodule. Non-surgical options, such as steroid injections, physical therapy, and orthotics should be tried first. Surgery is a last resort and is the only thing that will remove a plantar fibroma entirely. Consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and to determine the treatment regimen that is right for you.

What Causes a Plantar Fibroma?

While there are no specific causes identified, a plantar fibroma can possibly come from genetic predisposition or the formation of scar tissue that forms from healing the tears in the plantar fascia.

What Are the Symptoms of a Plantar Fibroma?

There will be a noticeable lump in the arch of the foot that may or may not cause pain. If pain is felt, it is typically because a shoe is rubbing up against the lump or when walking or standing barefoot.

Treatment and Prevention

A plantar fibroma will not disappear without treatment, but it can get smaller and be a non-issue. If pain persists, a podiatrist examines the foot and when the arch of the foot is pressed, pain can be felt down to the toes. An MRI or biopsy might be performed to help diagnose or evaluate the plantar fibroma. The following non-surgical options are generally enough to reduce the size and pain of these nodules:

  • Steroid injections
  • Orthotics
  • Physical therapy to help apply anti-inflammatory creams on the bump 

Surgery is considered if the mass increases in size and the patient continues to feel pain after non-surgical methods are tried.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in North Brunswick, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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